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Subject: [rec.scouting.usa] Commonly asked questions (FAQ 4) Part 2
From: Bill Nelson <>
Newsgroups: rec.scouting.usa,rec.answers,news.answers
Keywords: rec.scouting.usa values scout ethics wosm waggs honor bsa faq
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Archive-name: scouting/rec.scouting.usa/part2
Last-Modified: 18 June 1999

The FAQs are archived at:

This is part 2 of a two part FAQ.  Part 1 can be found at:

Added information on Cub Scout Belt Loops and Pins
Added Values and Ethics Resources 
Added info on Lion rank
Added info on Boy Scout Handshake

There are recommended readings in this list of postings that are
recommendations solely of the author of that posting.  No Scouting
organization officially communicates though the rec.scouting FAQs.


4.2.1  BSA -- Two Organizations
4.2.2  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Aims
4.2.3  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Mission
4.2.4  BSA -- Learning for Life/Exploring - Mission 
4.2.5  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Methods
4.2.6  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Boy Scout Oath
4.2.7  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Boy Scout Law
4.2.8  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Famous Scouts
4.2.9  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Scouting as Education
4.2.10  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Values and Ethics Resources
4.2.11  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Leadership
4.2.12  BSA -- Cub Scouting - Sports and Academic Belt Loops and Pins
4.2.13  BSA -- Cub Scouting - Pinewood Derby
4.2.14  BSA -- Cub Scouting - What Happened to Lion?
4.2.15  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Why Did the handshake change?

More can be found in Part 1.  Part 1 can be found at:

The following is in Part 1:
4.1.1  General Introduction -- rec.scouting.usa
4.1.2  On-Line Etiquette Guidelines
4.1.3  Organizations -- Official Information
4.1.4  Organizations -- Internet Official information on the net
4.1.6  Organizations -- Unofficial (but useful) information
4.1.5  BSA -- Uniform
4.1.6  BSA -- Free uniforms
4.1.7  BSA -- Clipart and fonts
4.1.8  BSA -- How the BSA is organized
4.1.9  BSA -- Official BSA literature & catalog
4.1.10  General -- Proper etiquette for the US Flag, ceremonies
4.1.11  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Addresses of people who will send letters
          to Scouts that make Eagle
4.1.12  BSA -- Cub Scouting - Cub Scouts and Webelos Camping
4.1.13  BSA -- Unauthorized or restricted activities
4.1.14  BSA -- District and Council Volunteer Scouters
4.1.15  BSA -- Unit Management Software
4.1.16  BSA -- Ceremonies
4.1.17  BSA -- Advancement Information

Subject:  4.2.1  BSA -- Two Organizations 

Many people do not know that the BSA is two organizations.  The
traditional Boy Scout organization and a wholly owned subsidiary
called Learning for Life/Exploring.  Learning for Life/Exploring has gained some attention
lately as the BSA has rolled career Exploring groups into it.

Learning for Life/Exploring is designed to support schools and other youth-serving
organizations in their efforts toward preparing youth to successfully
handle the complexities of today's society and to enhance their 
self-confidence, motivation, and self-worth. Learning for Life/Exploring also 
helps youth develop social and life skills, assists in character 
development, and helps them formulate positive personal values. It 
prepares youth to make ethical decisions that will help
them achieve their full potential. Learning for Life/Exploring enhances teacher 
capacity and increases youth learning!

For more information on Learning for Life/Exploring
For more information on the Boy Scouts of America 

Subject:  4.2.2  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Aims 

There are three aims to BSA Scouting:

To build character 
   To build self-reliance, self-discipline, self-confidence and self-respect 
To foster citizenship 
   To foster love of community, country and world, along with a commitment of
   service to others and an understanding of democratic principles. 
To develop fitness 
   To develop physical, mental, emotional, and moral fitness that will 
   stay with a Scout for the rest of his life. 

These three aims are the bedrock of the American Scouting movement. They
represent the long term outcomes we want for every boy.

Subject:  4.2.3  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Mission 

It is the mission of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) to serve others by
helping to instill values in young people, and in other ways to prepare
them to make ethical choices over their lifetime in achieving their full
potential. The values we strive to instill are found in the Boy Scout
Oath and Law.
For more information see:

Subject: 4.2.4  BSA -- Learning for Life/Exploring - Mission 

It is the mission of Learning for Life to serve others by helping to instill
core values in young people and in other ways prepare them to make
ethical choices throughout their lives so they can achieve their full potential.
For more information see:

Subject: 4.2.5  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Methods 

The Eight Methods of Scouting

1. Ideals 
Each Scout commits himself to the personal behavior guides and standards in the Scout 
motto, the slogan, the Oath and the Law 
2. Patrols 
Patrols give Scouts experience in teamwork, democracy and leadership. 
3. Outdoors 
Scouting emphasizes outdoors activities which foster an appreciation of nature 
and our ecology. Along the way, Scouts practice and learn new skills and develop 
confidence in their own abilities to cope with obstacles. Scouting is outing! 
4. Advancement 
The advancement program provides Scouts with a ladder of skills to climb at his own pace.  
On the way up, he has many opportunities to learn and to be recognized for his achievements.
5. Personal growth
All of the other methods contribute to the personal growth of a Scout through experience. 
The quest for growth is a method, too. 
6. Adult association
Adult leaders, male and female, provide an example to Scouts of the high character they 
should strive for in their personal growth. 
7. Leadership development 
Making boys get leadership experiences is one of the most valuable things Scouting does. 
8. Uniform 
The uniform reminds a Scout of who he is and what is expected of him. It identifies him 
as part of a patrol, troop, council and worldwide youth movement. He can take pride in 
being a Scout, and in the achievements shown on his uniform and sash. Even neighborhood 
gangs recognize the importance of wearing a uniform, their colors. 


Subject: 4.2.6  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Boy Scout Oath 

On my honor I will do my best
To do my duty to God and my country
and to obey the Scout Law;
To help other people at all times;
To keep myself physically strong,
mentally awake, and morally straight.

Subject: 4.2.7  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Boy Scout Law 

A Scout is:

Subject: 4.2.8  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Famous Scouts 

Since 1910, these principles have been taught in an atmosphere of
recreation and fun which allows young people to develop self confidence,
leadership and moral character.  More and more men, trained as Scouts,
are taking their places in today's world as responsible adult leaders.
Men who earned badges as Scouts, sit on the Supreme Court of the United
States.  Others hold important offices in our government, business and
industry.  Most of the members of the present U.S. Congress were Scouts.
Of the 214 pilots and scientists selected as astronauts since 1959, more
than 125 were Scouts or have been active in Scouting, as well as most of
the astronauts who have walked on the moon.  The new Suns head coach,
Danny Ainge, is an Eagle Scout.  The long list of famous Scouts

President John F. Kennedy
Boy Scout

President Gerald Ford
Eagle Scout

J. Willard Marriott, Jr.
President of Marriott  Corporation
Eagle Scout

Sam M. Walton
Chairman/CEO, Wal-Mart
Eagle Scout

Neil A. Armstrong, First
person to set foot on the Moon
Eagle Scout

Steven Spielberg,
Director, Producer
Eagle Scout

William C. Devries, M.D.;  Transplanted
First Artificial Heart
Eagle Scout

Barber B. Conable, Jr.
President, World Bank
Eagle Scout

More can be found at:

Subject: 4.2.9  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Scouting as Education 

The Boy Scouts of America is the largest youth oriented organization in
the United States.  More than 4 million young people and leaders are
currently registered in the Boy Scouts of America.

Unlike Cub Scouting, which many of you are familiar with, Boy Scouting
is a youth-lead organization.  The boys learn how to organize and lead
the Troop.  After training, and with adult supervision, the boys run the
The boys in the Troop will be working towards their 1st class and then
Eagle ranks.  As they travel on their trail to Eagle and beyond, they
will not only learn how   to lead a team to a goal, they will  lead teams
of Scouts in a number of challenging situations.

Boy Scouting also provides for growth of moral strength and character,
teaches citizenship, and enhances the development of physical, mental
and emotional fitness.  This is all done in the spirit of fun and

Please take a few minutes to read Chapter One of your son's Boy Scout

For families to achieve the full benefit from the program, parents
should realize that Scouting is as educational as sitting in a

Subject: 4.2.10  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Values and Ethics Resources 

Here is a listing of resources and references 
that discuss BSA values and ethics.

1995 Harris Poll on the Effect of Scouting:

The meaning of the Scout Oath and Law can be found at: 

Below are resources for instilling values in young
people.  More info can be found at:

The Values of Men and Boys in America...A Call to Action 
for Parents - A pamphlet to give to current and 
prospective Scouting parents. B.S.A. No. 2-121.

Ages and Stages videocassette -- explains the changes that take 
place is boys grow, the typical patterns of physical, mental,
social, and moral growth during childhood and adolescence. 
Helps you to understand age-appropriate behavior and
developmentally appropriate activities.

Guide to Safe Scouting: A Unit Leaders Guide for Current 
Policies and Procedures to Safe Activities -- When planning any
Scouting activity, safety is a primary concern. B.S.A. No. 10-212.

Ethics in Action for Cub Scouts -- Contains 14 activity 
modules each with a theme targeted for Cub Scout age boys. B.S.A.
No. 33015.

Ethics in Action modules may be found in the Cub Scout 
Leader How-to Book, No. 33831, also.

Ethics in Action videocassette -- explains the Cub Scout ethics 
program and how to guide a reflection.

BSA Family Book -- an easy to follow guide to developing 
"family talks" on such matters as becoming responsible, learning
to trust, communicating, and developing belief in self, family, 
God, and country. B.S.A. No. 33012 

Learning for Life/Exploring -- a BSA subsidiary providing school systems 
with action-learning lesson plans to enhance and
supplement core curricula. The kindergarten through sixth grade 
lesson plans include moral and character development themes.

Youth's Frontier -- Making Ethical Decisions - A Manual for 
Parents and Youth Leaders -- A Guide to Help Youth Meet
Today's Challenges . B.S.A. No. 33620.

On My Honor videocassette with President Ford - view and share 
information with your Scouts.

Ethical Controversies, B.S.A. No. 23-823, combines with the 
Explorer Leaders Handbook, to provide the outline for Ethics in
Action in Exploring. 

Moments in Common, AV-03V005, is a twenty four minute film for 
post Advisors and other adults involved in Exploring. It
shows how caring adults can make a difference in the lives of 
young people. The training outline that comes with the video
structures a one and a half hour workshop for adult leaders.

For the full text of the DELTA Handbook (Developing Ethical Leaders Through
Action) ... this is a wonderful sourcebook ... see

"Scouting is a Game with a Purpose" -- a series of pages on Scouting's
approach to developing ethical leaders. The pages include material on the
Reflection process used in most of today's Scout leader training and a
Listing of useful resources outside of Scouting literature. See:

Maintaining BSA Standards The Scout Oath and Law are not up for
negotiation. Our values are not for sale. Text of this article from Scouting
magazine, September 1992. can be found at:

A number of writings from the Pennington Group on values and ethics in leadership 
can be found at:  (how the Scout Oath can be used to 
build ethical leaders and companies).

On My Honor is a book about truthfulness and used in many classrooms.
When his best friend drowns while they are swimming in a treacherous river that 
they had promised never to go near, Joel is devastated and terrified at having to 
tell both sets of parents the terrible consequences of their disobedience. 
"A powerful, soul-stirring novel told simply and well." A Newbery Honor Book; 
ALA Notable Children's Book.

More resources can be found at:

Subject: 4.2.11  BSA -- Cub Scouting - Sports and Academic Belt Loops and Pins 

The Cub Scouts Sports and Academic Program is one method of addressing the
third aim of Scouting: the development of physical, mental and emotional fitness.
Fitness includes the body (well-tuned and healthy), the mind (able to think and
solve problems), and the emotions (self-control, courage, and self-respect). As in 
most activities in Cub Scouting, this is not meant to be a highly competitive
program, instead, the boys are encouraged to DO THEIR BEST. 

The Sports and Academic Program is an optional program for all Cub Scouts. It is
not part of the normal requirements towards ranks (except were used in obtaining
the Webelos Sportsman and Athlete activity badges). Its purpose is to assist the
Scouts in learning a new skill, or improving one they already posses. 

Loops, pins, letters can be are earned by all Cub Scouts. 

Complete details on using the sports program are contained in the the Leader
Guide for Cub Scouts Sports and Academics,(#34295). 

For some more information see:

Subject: 4.2.12  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Leadership

Resources for Leadership
Lays the foundation for how we overtly pass on to others this oft-times 
loosely defined concept called
leadership.  Describes the underpinnings of what makes a group, how
groups come about. Discusses the special role of the manager of
learning. They delve into some of the special skills a manager of learning
may use to help develop the group, and skill...

Subject: 4.2.13  BSA -- Cub Scouting - Pinewood Derby 

There is a lot of information on the Web about the Pinewood Derby

The U.S. Scouting Service pages have a lot of information about the
Pinewood Derby, see:

Also see the  Pinewood Derby Racing Webring, a small group
of excellent  Pinewood Derby sites.  Many of the sites are extensive,
and several have  Pinewood Derby track plans. Several have information 
on running a PWD. 

The ring index is at:

Subject: 4.2.14  BSA -- Cub Scouting - What happened to Lion?

The Lion program was dropped in 1967 when the Webelos program became the 
program for 10 year-olds. The WEBELOS rank
replaced the Lion rank, and the Arrow of Light replaced the Webelos rank. 
Also, in 1967, the Bobcat cloth patch was

1973 - updated Cub Scout program introduced with new colorful insignia for Wolf
and Bear and NEW patch insignia (in addition to pin) for Bobcat.

1980 - Term "Den Mother" officially retired; all male and female leaders of
dens will now be simply called "Den Leaders" and "Assistant Den Leaders".

1986 -  Cub Scouting expands to a four-year program, to include a two-year
WEBELOS Cub Scout program.  Tiger Cubs implemented as separate Pack program 

(source: BSA Fact Sheet: Historical Highlights, BSA #2-551)

Subject: 4.2.15  BSA -- Boy Scouting - Why did the handshake change?

In 1972 "The Scout Handclasp: It is made like a right handshake of greeting
except Scout use the left hand. The little finger is not separated from the 
other fingers. The handclasp in the United States is the
same as for Scouting in all the other countries of the world."

For more information visit:

End of rec.scouting.usa  (part2) FAQ
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